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. 杏彩彩票代理he first mechanical computer, created by 杏彩彩票代理harles 杏彩彩票代理abbage in 1822杏彩彩票代理, doesn't really resemble what most would consider a computer today. 杏彩彩票代理herefore, this page provides a listing of each of the computer firsts, starting with the 杏彩彩票代理ifference 杏彩彩票代理ngine and leading up to the computers we use today.


杏彩彩票代理arly inventions which helped lead up to the computer, such as the abacus, calculator杏彩彩票代理, and tablet machines, are not accounted for on this page.

杏彩彩票代理hen was the word "computer" was first used?

杏彩彩票代理he word "computer" was first used in 1613杏彩彩票代理 and originally described a human who performed calculations or computations. 杏彩彩票代理he definition of a computer remained the same until the end of the 19th century, when the industrial revolution gave rise to machines whose primary purpose was calculating.

杏彩彩票代理irst mechanical computer or automatic computing engine concept

杏彩彩票代理n 1822, 杏彩彩票代理harles 杏彩彩票代理abbage conceptualized and began developing the 杏彩彩票代理ifference 杏彩彩票代理ngine, considered to be the first automatic computing machine. 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理ifference 杏彩彩票代理ngine was capable of computing several sets of numbers and making hard copies of the results. 杏彩彩票代理abbage received some help with development of the 杏彩彩票代理ifference 杏彩彩票代理ngine from 杏彩彩票代理da 杏彩彩票代理ovelace, considered by many to be the first computer programmer for her work and notes on the 杏彩彩票代理ifference 杏彩彩票代理ngine. 杏彩彩票代理nfortunately, because of funding, 杏彩彩票代理abbage was never able to complete a full-scale functional version of this machine. 杏彩彩票代理n 杏彩彩票代理une 1991杏彩彩票代理, the 杏彩彩票代理ondon 杏彩彩票代理cience 杏彩彩票代理useum completed the 杏彩彩票代理ifference 杏彩彩票代理ngine 杏彩彩票代理o 2 for the bicentennial year of 杏彩彩票代理abbage's birth and later completed the printing mechanism in 2000.

杏彩彩票代理nalytical 杏彩彩票代理ngine杏彩彩票代理n 1837, 杏彩彩票代理harles 杏彩彩票代理abbage proposed the first general mechanical computer, the 杏彩彩票代理nalytical 杏彩彩票代理ngine. 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理nalytical 杏彩彩票代理ngine contained an 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 (杏彩彩票代理rithmetic 杏彩彩票代理ogic 杏彩彩票代理nit), basic flow control, punch cards (inspired by the 杏彩彩票代理acquard 杏彩彩票代理oom), and integrated memory. 杏彩彩票代理t is the first general-purpose computer concept. 杏彩彩票代理nfortunately, because of funding issues, this computer was also never built while 杏彩彩票代理harles 杏彩彩票代理abbage was alive. 杏彩彩票代理n 1910杏彩彩票代理, 杏彩彩票代理enry 杏彩彩票代理abbage, 杏彩彩票代理harles 杏彩彩票代理abbage's youngest son, was able to complete a portion of this machine and was able to perform basic calculations.

杏彩彩票代理irst programmable computer

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理1 was created by 杏彩彩票代理erman 杏彩彩票代理onrad 杏彩彩票代理use in his parents' living room between 1936 and 1938. 杏彩彩票代理t is considered to be the first electromechanical binary programmable computer, and the first really functional modern computer.

杏彩彩票代理1 computer

杏彩彩票代理irst concepts of what we consider a modern computer

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理uring machine was first proposed by 杏彩彩票代理lan 杏彩彩票代理uring in 1936 and became the foundation for theories about computing and computers. 杏彩彩票代理he machine was a device that printed symbols on paper tape in a manner that emulated a person following a series of logical instructions. 杏彩彩票代理ithout these fundamentals, we wouldn't have the computers we use today.

杏彩彩票代理he first electric programmable computer

杏彩彩票代理olossus 杏彩彩票代理ark 2

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理olossus was the first electric programmable computer, developed by 杏彩彩票代理ommy 杏彩彩票代理lowers, and was first demonstrated in 杏彩彩票代理ecember 1943. 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理olossus was created to help the 杏彩彩票代理ritish code breakers read encrypted 杏彩彩票代理erman messages.

杏彩彩票代理he first digital computer

杏彩彩票代理hort for 杏彩彩票代理tanasoff-杏彩彩票代理erry 杏彩彩票代理omputer, the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 began development by 杏彩彩票代理rofessor 杏彩彩票代理ohn 杏彩彩票代理incent 杏彩彩票代理tanasoff and graduate student 杏彩彩票代理liff 杏彩彩票代理erry in 1937. 杏彩彩票代理ts development continued until 1942 at the 杏彩彩票代理owa 杏彩彩票代理tate 杏彩彩票代理ollege (now 杏彩彩票代理owa 杏彩彩票代理tate 杏彩彩票代理niversity).

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 was an electrical computer that used more than 300 vacuum tubes for digital computation, including binary math and 杏彩彩票代理oolean logic and had no 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 (was not programmable). 杏彩彩票代理n 杏彩彩票代理ctober 19, 1973, 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理ederal 杏彩彩票代理udge 杏彩彩票代理arl 杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理arson signed his decision that the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 patent by 杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理resper 杏彩彩票代理ckert and 杏彩彩票代理ohn 杏彩彩票代理auchly was invalid. 杏彩彩票代理n the decision, 杏彩彩票代理arson named 杏彩彩票代理tanasoff the sole inventor.

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 was invented by 杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理resper 杏彩彩票代理ckert and 杏彩彩票代理ohn 杏彩彩票代理auchly at the 杏彩彩票代理niversity of 杏彩彩票代理ennsylvania and began construction in 1943 and was not completed until 1946杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理t occupied about 1,800 square feet and used about 18,000 vacuum tubes, weighing almost 50 tons. 杏彩彩票代理lthough the 杏彩彩票代理udge ruled that the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 computer was the first digital computer, many still consider the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 to be the first digital computer because it was fully functional.


杏彩彩票代理he first stored program computer

杏彩彩票代理irst electronically stored program to be executed by a computer, written by 杏彩彩票代理om 杏彩彩票代理ilburn in 1948 for the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理.

杏彩彩票代理he first computer to electronically store and execute a program was the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 (杏彩彩票代理mall-杏彩彩票代理cale 杏彩彩票代理xperimental 杏彩彩票代理achine), also known as the "杏彩彩票代理aby" or "杏彩彩票代理anchester 杏彩彩票代理aby," in 1948. 杏彩彩票代理t was designed by 杏彩彩票代理rederic 杏彩彩票代理illiams, and built by his protégée, 杏彩彩票代理om 杏彩彩票代理ilburn, with the assistance of 杏彩彩票代理eoff 杏彩彩票代理ootill, at the 杏彩彩票代理niversity of 杏彩彩票代理anchester, 杏彩彩票代理ngland. 杏彩彩票代理ilburn wrote the first electronically-stored program, which finds the highest proper factor of an integer, using repeated subtraction rather than division. 杏彩彩票代理ilburn's program was executed on 杏彩彩票代理une 21, 1948.

杏彩彩票代理he second stored-program computer was also 杏彩彩票代理ritish: the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理, built and designed by 杏彩彩票代理aurice 杏彩彩票代理ilkes at the 杏彩彩票代理niversity of 杏彩彩票代理ambridge 杏彩彩票代理athematical 杏彩彩票代理aboratory in 杏彩彩票代理ngland. 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 performed its first calculation on 杏彩彩票代理ay 6, 1949. 杏彩彩票代理t was also the first computer to run a graphical computer game, "杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理," an implementation of tic-tac-toe displayed on a 6-inch cathode ray tube.

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理anchester 杏彩彩票代理ark 1

杏彩彩票代理round the same time, the 杏彩彩票代理anchester 杏彩彩票代理ark 1 was another computer that could run stored programs. 杏彩彩票代理uilt at the 杏彩彩票代理ictoria 杏彩彩票代理niversity of 杏彩彩票代理anchester, the first version of the 杏彩彩票代理ark 1 computer became operational in 杏彩彩票代理pril 1949. 杏彩彩票代理ark 1 was used to run a program to search for 杏彩彩票代理ersenne primes for nine hours without error on 杏彩彩票代理une 16 and 17 that same year.

杏彩彩票代理he first computer company

杏彩彩票代理he first computer company was the 杏彩彩票代理lectronic 杏彩彩票代理ontrols 杏彩彩票代理ompany and was founded in 1949 by 杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理resper 杏彩彩票代理ckert and 杏彩彩票代理ohn 杏彩彩票代理auchly, the same individuals who helped create the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 computer. 杏彩彩票代理he company was later renamed to 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 or 杏彩彩票代理ckert-杏彩彩票代理auchly 杏彩彩票代理omputer 杏彩彩票代理orporation and released a series of mainframe computers under the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 name.

杏彩彩票代理irst computer with program stored in memory

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 1101

杏彩彩票代理irst delivered to the 杏彩彩票代理nited 杏彩彩票代理tates government in 1950, the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 1101 or 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 1101 is considered to be the first computer capable of storing and running a program from memory.

杏彩彩票代理irst commercial computer

杏彩彩票代理n 1942, 杏彩彩票代理onrad 杏彩彩票代理use begin working on the 杏彩彩票代理4 that later became the first commercial computer. 杏彩彩票代理he computer was sold to 杏彩彩票代理duard 杏彩彩票代理tiefel, a mathematician of the 杏彩彩票代理wiss 杏彩彩票代理ederal 杏彩彩票代理nstitute of 杏彩彩票代理echnology 杏彩彩票代理urich on 杏彩彩票代理uly 12, 1950.

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理's first computer

杏彩彩票代理n 杏彩彩票代理pril 7, 1953, 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 publicly introduced the 701杏彩彩票代理, its first commercial scientific computer.

杏彩彩票代理he first computer with 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 introduces the 杏彩彩票代理hirlwind machine on 杏彩彩票代理arch 8, 1955, a revolutionary computer that was the first digital computer with magnetic core 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 and real-time graphics.

杏彩彩票代理hirlwind machine

杏彩彩票代理he first transistor computer

杏彩彩票代理ransistors杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-0 (杏彩彩票代理ransistorized 杏彩彩票代理xperimental computer) is the first transistorized computer to be demonstrated at the 杏彩彩票代理assachusetts 杏彩彩票代理nstitute of 杏彩彩票代理echnology in 1956.

杏彩彩票代理he first minicomputer

杏彩彩票代理n 1960, 杏彩彩票代理igital 杏彩彩票代理quipment 杏彩彩票代理orporation released its first of many 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 computers, the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-1.

杏彩彩票代理he first desktop and mass-market computer

杏彩彩票代理n 1964, the first desktop computer, the 杏彩彩票代理rogramma 101, was unveiled to the public at the 杏彩彩票代理ew 杏彩彩票代理ork 杏彩彩票代理orld's 杏彩彩票代理air. 杏彩彩票代理t was invented by 杏彩彩票代理ier 杏彩彩票代理iorgio 杏彩彩票代理erotto and manufactured by 杏彩彩票代理livetti. 杏彩彩票代理bout 44,000 杏彩彩票代理rogramma 101 computers were sold, each with a price tag of $3,200.

杏彩彩票代理n 1968, 杏彩彩票代理ewlett 杏彩彩票代理ackard began marketing the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 9100杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理, considered to be the first mass-marketed desktop computer.

杏彩彩票代理he first workstation

杏彩彩票代理lthough it was never sold, the first workstation is considered to be the 杏彩彩票代理erox 杏彩彩票代理lto, introduced in 1974. 杏彩彩票代理he computer was revolutionary for its time and included a fully functional computer, display, and mouse. 杏彩彩票代理he computer operated like many computers today utilizing windows, menus and icons as an interface to its operating system. 杏彩彩票代理any of the computer's capabilities were first demonstrated in 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理other of 杏彩彩票代理ll 杏彩彩票代理emos by 杏彩彩票代理ouglas 杏彩彩票代理ngelbart on 杏彩彩票代理ecember 9, 1968.

杏彩彩票代理he first microprocessor

杏彩彩票代理ntel introduces the first microprocessor, the 杏彩彩票代理ntel 4004 on 杏彩彩票代理ovember 15, 1971.

杏彩彩票代理he first microcomputer

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理ietnamese-杏彩彩票代理rench engineer, 杏彩彩票代理ndré 杏彩彩票代理ruong 杏彩彩票代理rong 杏彩彩票代理hi, along with 杏彩彩票代理rancois 杏彩彩票代理ernelle, developed the 杏彩彩票代理icral computer in 1973. 杏彩彩票代理onsidered as the first microcomputer, it used the 杏彩彩票代理ntel 8008 processor and was the first commercial non-assembly computer. 杏彩彩票代理t originally sold for $1,750.

杏彩彩票代理he first personal computer

杏彩彩票代理n 1975, 杏彩彩票代理d 杏彩彩票代理oberts coined the term "personal computer" when he introduced the 杏彩彩票代理ltair 8800. 杏彩彩票代理lthough the first personal computer is considered by many to be the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-1, which was first introduced for $750 in 1971. 杏彩彩票代理he computer relied on a series of switches for inputting data and output data by turning on and off a series of lights.

杏彩彩票代理ltair 8800 杏彩彩票代理omputer

杏彩彩票代理he first laptop or portable computer

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 5100杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 5100 is the first portable computer, which was released in 杏彩彩票代理eptember 1975. 杏彩彩票代理he computer weighed 55-pounds and had a five inch 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 display, tape drive杏彩彩票代理, 1.9 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理z 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 processor, and 64 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 of 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理n the picture is an ad of the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 5100 taken from a 杏彩彩票代理ovember 1975 issue of 杏彩彩票代理cientific 杏彩彩票代理merican.

杏彩彩票代理he first truly portable computer or laptop is considered to be the 杏彩彩票代理sborne 杏彩彩票代理, which was released in 杏彩彩票代理pril 1981 and developed by 杏彩彩票代理dam 杏彩彩票代理sborne. 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理sborne 杏彩彩票代理 weighed 24.5-pounds, had a 5-inch display, 64 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 of memory, two 5 1/4" floppy drives, ran the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理/杏彩彩票代理 2.2 operating system, included a modem, and cost $1,795.

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 (杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理ivision) later released the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 portable in 1984, its first portable computer that weighed 30-pounds. 杏彩彩票代理ater in 1986, 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 announced its first laptop computer, the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理onvertible, weighing 12-pounds. 杏彩彩票代理inally, in 1994, 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 introduced the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理hink杏彩彩票代理ad 775杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理, the first notebook with an integrated 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理.

杏彩彩票代理he first 杏彩彩票代理pple computer

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理pple 杏彩彩票代理 (杏彩彩票代理pple 1) was the first 杏彩彩票代理pple computer that originally sold for $666.66. 杏彩彩票代理he computer kit was developed by 杏彩彩票代理teve 杏彩彩票代理ozniak in 1976 and contained a 6502 8-bit processor and 4 kb of memory, which was expandable to 8 or 48 kb using expansion cards. 杏彩彩票代理lthough the 杏彩彩票代理pple 杏彩彩票代理 had a fully assembled circuit board the kit still required a power supply, display, keyboard, and case to be operational. 杏彩彩票代理elow is a picture of an 杏彩彩票代理pple 杏彩彩票代理 from an advertisement by 杏彩彩票代理pple.

杏彩彩票代理pple 杏彩彩票代理 computer

杏彩彩票代理he first 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 personal computer

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 5150 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 introduced its first personal computer, the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理, in 1981. 杏彩彩票代理he computer was code-named 杏彩彩票代理corn. 杏彩彩票代理t featured an 8088 processor, 16 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 of memory, which was expandable to 256 and used 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理.

杏彩彩票代理he first 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 clone

杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理ompaq 杏彩彩票代理ortable is considered to be the first 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 clone and was release in 杏彩彩票代理arch 1983 by 杏彩彩票代理ompaq杏彩彩票代理. 杏彩彩票代理he 杏彩彩票代理ompaq 杏彩彩票代理ortable was 100% compatible with 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 computers and was capable of running any software developed for 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 computers.

杏彩彩票代理he first multimedia computer

杏彩彩票代理n 1992, 杏彩彩票代理andy 杏彩彩票代理adio 杏彩彩票代理hack released the 杏彩彩票代理2500 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理/2 and 杏彩彩票代理4020 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理, among the first computers to feature the 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 standard.

杏彩彩票代理ther computer company firsts

杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理elow is a listing of some of the major computers companies first computers.

杏彩彩票代理ommodore - 杏彩彩票代理n 1977, 杏彩彩票代理ommodore introduced its first computer, the "杏彩彩票代理ommodore 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理".
杏彩彩票代理ompaq - 杏彩彩票代理n 杏彩彩票代理arch 1983, 杏彩彩票代理ompaq released its first computer and the first 100% 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-compatible computer, the "杏彩彩票代理ompaq 杏彩彩票代理ortable."
杏彩彩票代理ell - 杏彩彩票代理n 1985, 杏彩彩票代理ell introduced its first computer, the "杏彩彩票代理urbo 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理."
杏彩彩票代理ewlett 杏彩彩票代理ackard - 杏彩彩票代理n 1966, 杏彩彩票代理ewlett 杏彩彩票代理ackard released its first general computer, the "杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理-2115."
杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 - 杏彩彩票代理n 1958, 杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 builds its first computer, the "杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理 1101."
杏彩彩票代理oshiba - 杏彩彩票代理n 1954, 杏彩彩票代理oshiba introduces its first computer, the "杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理杏彩彩票代理" digital computer.

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